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Further Information on CEOS
spacer Abbreviations

AfWCCI African Water Cycle Coordination Initiative
AMIS Agricultural Market Information System
ARD Afforestation/Reforestation/Deforestation
ASI Agenzia Spaziale Italiana
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
AWCI Asian Winter Cycle Initiative
BNSC British National Space Centre
CAST Chinese Academy of Space Technology
CCI Climate Change Initiative
CCRS Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
CDR Climate Data Record
CDTI Centre for the Development of Industrial Technology
CEO CEOS Executive Officer
CEOP Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period
CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites
CIEHLYC Water Cycle Capacity Building activity in Latin America
CliC Climate and Cryosphere Project
CLOS Coordination on Land Observation Satellites
CNES Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales
CONAE Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
COP Community of Practice
COP Conference of the Parties
CORSS Coordination on Ocean Remote Sensing Satellites
CRI Crown Research Institute
CSA Canadian Space Agency
CSIR Satellite Applications Centre (SAC) / Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
DEM Digital Elevation Model
DEWA Division of Early Warning and Assessment
DLR Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und-Raumfahrt
DoD US Department of Defense
DRM Disaster Risk Management
DRR Disaster Risk Reduction
EC European Commission
EC-MARS European Commission’s Monitoring Agriculture with Remote Sensing
ECV Essential Climate Variable
EO Earth Observation
ERB Earth Radiation Budget
ESA European Space Agency
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission of Asia and the Pacific
EUCENTRE European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering
Eumetsat European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
FAO UN Food and Agriculture Organization
fAPAR Fraction of absorbed photo synthetically active radiation
FAS-USDA United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service
FCDR Fundamental Climate Data Record
FCPF World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
FCT GEO Forest Carbon Tracking Task
FRA UN-FAO Forest Resources Assessment
GAW Global Atmosphere Watch
GCN Global Core Network
GCOS IP Implementation Plan for the Global Climate Observing System
GCW Global Cryosphere Watch
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEO Group for Earth Observations
GEO-FCT GEO Forest Carbon Tracking Task
GEO-GLAM GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring initiative
GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems
GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment
GFDRR Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery
GFOI Global Forest Observations Initiative
GGOS Global Geodetic Observing System International Programme
GHG Greenhouse Gas
GIS Geographic Information System
GISTDA Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency
GLOSS Global Sea Level Observing System
GMES Global Monitoring for Environment and Security
GOFC-GOLD Global Observations of Forest Cover and Land Cover Dynamics
GOOS Global Ocean Observing System
GOS Global Observing System
GPCP Global Precipitation Climatology Project
GPM Global Precipitation Measurement
GPS Global Positioning Satellite/System
GTOS Global Terrestrial Observing System
GWSP Global Water System Project
ICSU International Council for Science
IFCI Australia’s International Forest Carbon Initiative
IGACO Integrated Global Atmospheric Chemistry Observations
IGBP International Geosphere–Biosphere Programme
IGCO Integrated Global Carbon Observation
IGOS Integrated Global Observing Strategy
IGWCO GEO Integrated Global Water Cycle Observations Theme
INPE Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais
INSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
IOCCG International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPY International Polar Year
IR Infrared
ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project
ISPRS International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
ISRO Indian Space Research Organisation
IWRM Integrated Water Resources Management
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JCOMM Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission on Oceanography and Marine Meteorology
KARI Korea Aerospace Research Institute
LAI Leaf Area Index
LPI Living Planet Index
LSI Land Surface Imaging
MARPOL International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
MDG Millennium Development Goal
MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreements
MEXT Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
MIM CEOS Missions, Instruments and Measurements database
MRV Measurement Reporting and Verification
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASDA National Space Development Agency of Japan
NASRDA National Space Research and Development Agency
NDVI Normalised Difference Vegetation Indices
NGOs Non-Governmental Organisations
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NRSCC National Remote Sensing Centre of China
NSAU National Space Agency of Ukraine
NSC Norwegian Space Centre
NSMC/CMA National Satellite Meteorological Center/Chinese Meteorological Administration
NSO Netherlands Space Office
NWP Numerical Weather Prediction
OLR Outgoing Longwave Radiation
OSTC Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs
REDD Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries
Roshydromet Russian Federal Service for Hydro-meteorology and Environment Monitoring
Roskosmos Russian Federal Space Agency
SAC/CSIR Satellite Applications Centre/Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
SANSA South Africa National Space Agency
SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar
SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
SDCG Space Data Coordination Group
SEO CEOS Systems Engineering Office
SIRAL SAR/Interferometric Radar Altimeter
SIT Strategic Implementation Team
SNSB Swedish National Space Board
SST Sea-Surface Temperature
STG IPY Space Task Group
TCDR Thematic Climate Data Records
TSI Total Solar Irradiance
Tubitak-Uzay Space Technology Research Institute of Turkey
UN United Nations
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNISDR UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
UNOOSA United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs
USGS United States Geological Survey
UTLS Upper Troposphere/Lower Stratosphere
UV Ultra-violet
WCRP World Climate Research Programme
WGCBDD Working Group on Capacity Building and Data Democracy
WGClimate Working Group on Climate
WGCV Working Group on Calibration and Validation
WGEDU Working Group on Earth Observation Education, Training, and Capacity Building
WGISS Working Group on Information Systems and Services
WHYCOS World Hydrological Cycle Observing System
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development
WWW World Weather Watch
ZKI DLR Centre for Satellite Based Crisis Information